Theory

Style, tone and mood

Style, tone and mood have to do with the way the writer uses language to convey his story. Style Sentence length, structure and arrangement, paragraphs, word choice, word order all determine the style of a […]

Theory

Flashback & Foreshadowing

References to the past and hints to the future are called flashbacks and foreshadowing. Flashback Flashbacks are used by the writer refer to past events to give context or provide background information. It connects the […]

Theory

Irony

Irony is a contrast between appearance and reality. It is divided into three forms: verbal, irony, situational irony and dramatic irony. Verbal irony The most common form of irony is verbal irony: saying something but […]

Theory

Narrative Perspective

Narrative perspective is about who and how the story is told. In novels we can have different narrative perspectives with each a different narrator. It is important to know who is talking, because it says […]

Theory

Theme

A theme is not the subject of a literary work but rather its central idea, which may be stated directly or indirectly and can often be stated in one word. Story is what gets a […]

Theory

Characters

A character is a person portrayed in a narrative work. This ‘person’ can also be a personified animal or object, like the animals in Animal Farm and the tiger in Life of Pi. Most main […]

Theory

Setting

The setting of a novel has two dimensions: time and place. It sets the background or mood of a story. It is often very important to know where and when the story takes place before […]

Theory

Plot

Plot is one of the five elements of a fictional story. A plot is the gist of a story, and composed of linked events. A plot highlights the line of a story and all the […]